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Image tags

Image references can either omit the tag, which implies the tag latest, such as


or explicitly include the tag, such as


where <tag> refers to the first column of this table:

Tag Java version Linux JVM Type Architecture
latest 21 Ubuntu Hotspot amd64,arm64
stable 21 Ubuntu Hotspot amd64,arm64
java21 21 Ubuntu Hotspot amd64,arm64
java21-alpine 21 Alpine Hotspot amd64
java21-graalvm 21 Oracle Oracle GraalVM1 amd64,arm64
java17 17 Ubuntu Hotspot amd64,arm64,armv7
java17-jdk 17 Ubuntu Hotspot+JDK amd64,arm64,armv7
java17-openj9 17 Debian OpenJ9 amd64
java17-graalvm 17 Oracle Oracle GraalVM1 amd64,arm64
java17-alpine 17 Alpine Hotspot amd64
java11 11 Ubuntu Hotspot amd64,arm64,armv7
java8 8 Ubuntu Hotspot amd64
java8-alpine 8 Alpine Hotspot amd64
java8-jdk 8 Ubuntu Hotspot+JDK amd64
java8-openj9 8 Debian OpenJ9 amd64
java8-graalvm-ce 8 Oracle GraalVM CE amd64

Example using java8-multiarch

With docker run command-line

docker run -it -e EULA=true itzg/minecraft-server:java8-multiarch

or in a compose file

    image: itzg/minecraft-server:java8-multiarch


The "latest" tag shifts to include not only the latest features and bug fixes, but also the latest Java version that Mojang requires for the latest Minecraft version.

Class File Version

If the Minecraft startup is logging an error about a "class file version", then refer to this table to identify the JDK/Java version corresponding to each class file version.

Release versions

Since the tags referenced above will shift as the newest image build brings in new features and bug fixes, released variants of those can also be used to pin a specific build of the image.

The syntax of released image tags is:

itzg/minecraft-server:<release>-<java tag>

where java tag still refers to the first column of the table above and release refers to one of the image releases.


For example, the 2024.4.0 release of the Java 17 image would be


Stable image tag

The stable image tag combines the benefits of latest and release versions since it shifts to refer to the most recently released version.

Version compatibilities

This section in the Minecraft wiki lists out versions of vanilla Minecraft versions and the corresponding Java version that is required.

Forge versions

Forge and its mods sometimes utilize non-public APIs of the JVM and as such are suspceptible to becoming broken with newer Java versions.

Java 21

Some mods even up to Minecraft 1.21 require Java 17 and will not run on the latest Java version. If you see an error like the following then be sure to explicitly use a Java 17 tagged image:

Caused by: org.spongepowered.asm.mixin.throwables.ClassMetadataNotFoundException: java.util.List
    at MC-BOOTSTRAP/org.spongepowered.mixin/org.spongepowered.asm.mixin.transformer.MixinPreProcessorStandard.transformMethod(

Java 8

For Forge versions less than 1.18, you must use the java8-multiarch (or other java8) image tag.

In general, if you see the following line in a server startup failure, then it means you need to be using Java 8 instead of the latest image Java version:

Caused by: java.lang.ClassCastException: class jdk.internal.loader.ClassLoaders$AppClassLoader 
   cannot be cast to class

Forge also doesn't support openj9 JVM implementation.

Deprecated Image Tags

The following image tags have been deprecated and are no longer receiving updates:

  • java19
  • adopt13
  • adopt14
  • adopt15
  • openj9-nightly
  • multiarch-latest
  • java16/java16-openj9
  • java17-graalvm-ce
  • java20-graalvm, java20, java20-alpine
  • java8-multiarch is still built and pushed, but please move to java8 instead

  1. Based on the Oracle GraalMV images, which as of JDK 17, are now under the GraalVM Free License incorporating what used to be known as the GraalVM Enterprise.